Category: ghosts

5 Eerie Allegedly True Ghost & Spirit En…

5 Eerie Allegedly True Ghost & Spirit Encounters | Real Paranormal Stories Series

The following accounts have been submitted by subscribers. These experiences are claimed to describe true paranormal events. I ask you to listen in good faith, and decide for yourself what to believe. 

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Map of Haunted Places | Ghosts and Ghouls

Map of Haunted Places | Ghosts and Ghouls: undefined

its-spooky-bitch: The famous paranormal compi…

its-spooky-bitch:

The famous paranormal compilation video Ghosts, Spirits and Demons. This was one of the first paranormal videos I’ve seen, and I remember it creeped me out. I was gullible and in middle school when I saw this, since then I’ve been able to debunk certain videos, but this one is honestly iconic.

paranormaldaily: During a filming of a music …

paranormaldaily:

During a filming of a music video. A rock band discovered that a faceless apparition was watching them, but didn’t know of the man standing there until they were watching it later.

Regular

I Want to hear from ya’ll

Hey everyone I want to hear from you. Have you had any experiences with spirits in the last year? Please inbox or message me about it

Exploring Nursing Ghost Stories through Machine Learning: Topic…

Exploring Nursing Ghost Stories through Machine Learning: Topic Discovery with Latent Dirichlet Allocation

NOTE: Click to open graphics for an expanded and clearer view of the findings they contain  

As reported in earlier posts, the Allnurses.com web site hosts a long-running moderated discussion thread called “Nursing Ghost Stories” (NGS).  The NGS collection spans over a decade (2005-2017) amounting to 199 pages as of the time of this writing.  As a dataset NGS contains multiple first and second hand accounts and commentary on paranormal type experiences 

The archive contains classic examples of hauntings and poltergeist phenomena.  Patients were generally the percipients in ghost experiences.   Sometimes the ghosts in question appeared to be former nurses in period dress, or former doctors and patients, or former area residents.  However, these kinds of paranormal experiences did not dominate the collection  

In actuality, the NGS archive conveys several varieties of psi and post-mortem survival phenomena.  The archive contains several examples of extrasensory perception and presentiment in particular  

There were also examples of after-death communication (ADC), which are sensed-presence or apparitional experiences involving deceased family members or friends.  Unlike hauntings which are place-centered, ADC encounters are person-centered involving meaningful coincidences (or synchronicities) for the percipients

The archive contains several reports of near-death experiences (NDEs). However, the more representative encounters involved nearing death awareness (NDA) type experiences.  In NDA situations, terminally-ill patients experiencing death-bed visions will have perceptions of welcoming apparitions of deceased relatives or loved ones

  • Terminal patients will also appear to hold conversations with persons who are not physically present in their room.  Sometimes nurses described these aspects of NDA experiences as dementia
  • It is also not uncommon for gravely-ill patients to be alert and conversant in their final hours before death, a phenomenon called “terminal lucidity”

Provided below are examples of exchanges regarding NDA situations as characterized by nurses working in long-term care and palliative care settings 

I’ve been a hospice nurse for 5 years. I have been with hundreds of people at the time of their death & I can tell you first hand that if the patient is alert enough to speak, you’ll hear them talking to loved ones that have already passed over

That is so true. I, too am a hospice nurse and when pts. start talking to their dead relatives, you know that they have about a week MAX before they are gone

From experience I’ve learned that when a pt tells you they’re going to die…they usually do…and if they start talking to dead family members…they usually die…it’s like the family members have come to take them…..

As a follow-on to the earlier wordcloud project, we wondered whether unsupervised machine learning, specifically topic generation models, could discover the abovementioned themes in the NGS archive 

  • Generative topic models

    view documents as having a latent semantic structure of topics that can be inferred from co-occurrences of words in documents  

  • For this project, the Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) topic model was employed.  LDA views documents as probability distributions over topics and topics as probability distributions over words
  • All documents share the same collection of topics, but each document contains those topics in different proportions.  The LDA algorithm samples words across topics until it arrives at topics and word selections that most likely generated the documents

Various packages and libraries for natural language processing within Python were used to include: the Natural Language ToolKit (NLTK) for processing the data set; scikit-learn to prepare and fit the LDA model; pyLDAvis to display the results and t-Distributed Stochastic Neighbor Embedding (t-SNE) to map topic distances

The project pipeline involved: data set processing; conversion of words and documents into a document-term matrix and vector space; fitting the LDA models; and displaying the results

Processing. The data set was decomposed into 199 documents from its constituent web pages.  In contrast to the wordcloud project, the set of stopwords was enlarged to find meaningful insights in the NGS archive

  • The core set of stopwords consisted of commonly-used prepositions, conjunctions, and contractions.  Stopwords from the wordcloud application were used as a start point for this purpose
  • Since the archive consisted of first or second hand accounts, words related to stories and/or storytelling were added to stopwords, along with words related to the maintenance of the thread
  • Since spontaneous experiences can occur at any moment, words conveying times were removed.  While many experiences were singular events, numeric references involving ordinal (e.g. one, two) and cardinal (e.g. first, second) rankings were removed
  • Titles of persons were removed (e.g. Mr., Mrs., etc.); however, person and gender types (e.g. man, woman, etc.) and interpersonal relationships (e.g. family, friends, or strangers) were preserved
  • Domain-related words relating to patient care or standard procedures were removed (e.g. hospital, unit, shift, staff, work, station, monitor, code)

Conversion. Vector transformations converted the data set into a document-term matrix for mathematical processing.  The rows of the matrix correspond to documents with columns corresponding to the frequency of a term

  • Count vectorizers count word frequencies.  Term Frequency-Inverse Document Frequency (TF-IDF) vectorizers normalize (divide) word counts by their frequency in the documents
  • Both vectorizers converted words to lower case and removed non-word expressions. The vectorizers were parameterized to look for bigrams (or words that were often used together) 

Model Fit/Display. The LDA model was fitted using ten topics.  Words within topics were sorted and ranked with respect to their frequency in and relevance within a topic

  • The LDA model was fitted with using Count and TF-IDF vectorization and ran with a maximum of 100 iterations.  LDA model results were displayed using pyLDAvis and t-SNE to map topic distances

Results. Although topics produced from the model are unlabeled, words within topics usually can be woven into a coherent theme

The first four pyLDAvis graphs provide the top 30 words and bigrams in Topics 1 through 4 using Count vectorization  

  • Topic 1 is the most representative of the body of stories in the thread and generated around 86% of the content.  Words in Topic 1 included: “nurse” and “patient”; both nurses and patients were percipients and sometimes sources of “ghost” experiences.  If apparitions represented unrecognized persons, patients had “asked” whom they “saw.”  Many apparitional encounters involved patients who were “heard” “talking” to deceased “family” members or a “friend.“  These telepathic types of apparitions were often described as “sitting” near the bedsides of patients, or transiting their rooms or into an adjacent “hall” on their “floor.”  Overall, this could be considered an apparitional experiences topic

  • Topic 2 is derived from user commentary and seems reflective of internal varieties of psi functioning. Words in Topic 2 included:  “dreams”, “feel(ings)” and a “sense” of awareness or presentiment of events that were happening or about to “happen”, usually in connection with the deaths of family members. In other cases the dreams were possible telepathic connections with lost “loved” ones. Overall, this can be considered a extrasensory perception topic and it generated 7% of the content  
  • Topic 3 appears reflective of external forms of psi and survival phenomena to include auditory and physical encounters commonly associated with hauntings and poltergeists.  Words in Topic 3 included: “haunted”, “voice(s)”, and other imitative sounds such as “music.”  There were also reported instances of anomalous telephone contact possibly involving “phone” calls from the dead and “strange” behaviors of televisions, call lights and other electrical appliances.  Overall, this could be considered a hauntings and poltergeists topic and it generated around 4% of the content 
  • Topic 4 is also derived from user commentary and seems reflective of general discussions on the paranormal, religious and exceptional experiences.  Discussions included: “paranormal” television, “movie” and “radio” entertainment;  synchronicities (meaningful coincidences) and “photo” and other evidence from paranormal investigations.  Discussions also involved ghost stories outside a nursing context; some were urban legends and a few were probably larks.  Overall, this could be considered a paranormal discussions topic and it generated around 3% of the content

The fifth pyLDAvis graph provides the top 30 words in Topic 1 using TF-IDF vectorization.  

  • The findings were close to those encountered for Topic 1 with the Count Vectorization.  However, it appears to be a combined apparitional experiences and extrasensory perception topic accounting for 94% of the content.

     This consolidation arises from the fact that TF-IDF vectorization lowers the contribution weight of commonly used words

This project again demonstrates the usefulness of topic generation models for finding meaningful patterns in masses of unlabeled or unstructured data.

  The LDA topic discovery method indicated several varieties of psi and survival experiences that went beyond ghost stories 

  • Many apparitional encounters described in the archive represented the intersection of nearing death awareness (involving death-bed visions of welcoming apparitions) and after-death communication experiences (involving apparitions of deceased family members and friends)
  • Even though the algorithm knows nothing intrinsically about the above experiences, the model was able to infer topics and words corresponding to the most representative kinds of encounters 

Greater insights could be gained by structuring the NGS dataset and labeling the experiential elements within it.  Follow-on research could employ semi-supervised methods to train models to classify types of psi and survival experiences and to find correlates within them  

Specifically, deep learning models could be trained on the semantics around typologies of apparitions with tagged documents.  Parapsychology categorizes apparitions along four lines: living agent; crisis; post-mortem; and haunting  

  • If an apparition is seen within ±12 hours of a person’s death, that represents a crisis apparition 
  • If an apparition is seen 24 hours or more after a person’s death, that apparition is post-mortem
  • If the apparition is of a long-deceased person and has a location affinity, that is a haunting apparition

Nonetheless, the apparitional experiences in NGS appear roughly consistent with survey results elsewhere.  Apparitional experiences rarely occur in the general population, but when they do, the apparitions are likely to represent recognized persons, known to the individuals who are perceiving them

REFERENCES

Blei, D. M., Ng, A. Y., & Jordan, M. I. (2003). Latent dirichlet allocation. Journal of machine Learning research, (Jan), 993-1022.

Gauld, A., & Cornell, A. D. (1979). Poltergeists. Routledge Kegan & Paul.

Kircher, P. and Callanan, M. (2017, Dec 14).  NDEs and Nearing Death Awareness in the Terminally Ill. International Association for Near Death Studies (IANDS).

Natural Language Toolkit: NLTK 3.2.5 documentation. (2017, Sep 24). NLTK Project.

Pearson, P. (2014). Opening Heaven’s Door: What the Dying May be Trying to Tell Us about where They’re Going. Random House Canada. Sponsored

Pedregosa, F., Varoquaux, G., Gramfort, A., Michel, V., Thirion, B., Grisel, O., … & Vanderplas, J. (2011). Scikit-learn: Machine learning in Python. Journal of machine learning research, 12(Oct), 2825-2830.

Sievert, C., & Shirley, K. (2014). LDAvis: A method for visualizing and interpreting topics. In Proceedings of the workshop on interactive language learning, visualization, and interfaces (pp. 63-70).

What’s Your Best Nursing Ghost Story? (2017, Oct 30). AllNurses.com

IMAGES

pyLDAvis Graph of Topic 1 (Count Vectorization) from Nursing Ghost Stories Corpus. (2018, Apr 08). © Maryland Paranormal Research ®.  All rights reserved.

pyLDAvis Graph of Topic 2 (Count Vectorization) from Nursing Ghost Stories Corpus. (2018, Apr 08). © Maryland Paranormal Research ®.  All rights reserved.

pyLDAvis Graph of Topic 3 (Count Vectorization) from Nursing Ghost Stories Corpus. (2018, Apr 08). © Maryland Paranormal Research ®.  All rights reserved.

pyLDAvis Graph of Topic 4 (Count Vectorization) from Nursing Ghost Stories Corpus. (2018, Apr 08). © Maryland Paranormal Research ®.  All rights reserved.

pyLDAvis Graph of Topic 1 (TF-IDF Vectorization) from Nursing Ghost Stories Corpus. (2018, Apr 08). © Maryland Paranormal Research ®.  All rights reserved.

equinoxparanormal: The Ghosts of Egmont Key A…

equinoxparanormal:

The Ghosts of Egmont Key

Accessible only by boat, Tampa Bay’s Egmont Key offers pristine beaches, abundant wildlife, and a historic lighthouse and fort. However, this idyllic island doesn’t just attract tourists. Legend has it Egmont is also rife with ghosts.

Egmont Key

Egmont Key got its name after British surveyor George Gauld discovered the island in the late 1700s. Florida was under British rule at the time, and Gauld chose to honor Lord John Perceval, the Second Earl of Egmont, by naming the island after him.

Over the years, Egmont has served as a base for Union soldiers, a prison camp for captured Seminoles, and a line of defense against Spanish troops. Now, the island is a public park and wildlife sanctuary. Visitors may explore Egmont Key by day, but at night, only rangers, and ghosts, are free to roam about.

The Ghosts of Egmont

According to Greg Jenkins, author of Florida’s Ghostly Legends and Haunted Folklore: The Gulf Coast and Pensacola, at least one ranger has seen a spirit on Egmont Key. In a 2006 interview, the ranger told Jenkins he’d been investigating banging sounds at the old fort late one night when he saw something he’ll never forget.

“I saw a man dressed as a Civil War soldier, complete with all the regalia,” the ranger said. “I began to think ‘okay, what is this — this had to be someone’s idea of a joke.’ But, when this character started walking toward me, stopping about four feet from me and just staring intensely at me, then turning around and walking away, only to finally vanish all together, that was it for me. I got the hell out of there, and fast.”

Union troops gained control over Egmont in 1861. If a Civil War ghost is roaming the island, it’s likely he’s from the Union side, and the soldier may have ghostly company in the form of an old nemesis: lighthouse keeper George V. Rickard.

Rickard, a Confederate sympathizer, fled Egmont Key as Union troops drew near, taking the lighthouse’s expensive lens with him. It’s not clear what became of Rickard in life, but legend has it the loyal keeper returned to Egmont after his death. Some visitors have seen a shadowy figure lurking around the old lighthouse while others have spotted a pale face peering from within. The lighthouse is now fully automated, so there’s no need for a keeper, but perhaps Rickard refuses to move on.

Screams in the Night

It seems Jenkin’s ranger isn’t the only witness to Egmont’s paranormal activity. According to a report posted on the author’s website, a troop of Boy Scouts camped on Egmont Key in 2011 and had a frightening experience.

The evening was uneventful, but at approximately 3:00 in the morning, the boys and their leaders awoke to voices and screams in the distance. The sounds drew closer and closer before tapering off at dawn. The troop never saw anything, but were more than ready to leave come sunrise. Egmont Key is off limits to visitors at night, so who, or what, did the Scouts hear?

Spirit Speculations

During The Seminole War of 1858, the United States Army imprisoned several Seminoles on Egmont Key. Many prisoners perished on the island and were buried in a communal graveyard still around today. Though there are no specific stories about Seminoles haunting the island, Jenkins and other paranormal enthusiasts can’t help but wonder if the native’s spirits remain on the island.

Established during the Spanish-American war in the early 1900s, Fort Dade served as a line of defense against Spanish troops. Back then, over 300 people called Egmont Key home, and servicemen and their families enjoyed such amenities as a movie theater, a bowling alley, and tennis courts. However, Egmont’s population plummeted after the fort’s disbandment in 1923, and crumbling foundations and submerged ruins are all that remains of the once thriving community. Some people wonder if a few of the island’s former residents returned after their death.

By day, Egmont Key is a tropical paradise brimming with visitors and activity. But once the sun sets and the tourists leave, silence descends on the island, and, some say, ghosts rise from their slumber. Do you believe the creepy tales?

[Ghosts and Ghouls]

Haunting in St. Petersburg, FL

equinoxparanormal:

Many tourists flock to Florida to enjoy the warm temperatures and see the sights, but the state is also filled with plenty of ghost tales and paranormal activity – many of which have led to a handful of popular tours in the region. In this article, you will encounter some of the haunted locations in Florida, such as haunted stories associated with Saint Petersburgh.

St. Petersburg Haunts

Following the publication of a book titled, ’Ghost Stories of St. Petersburg’ by Tim Reeser – a ghost tour was created when people started to show interest on the local topic. The Ghost Tour of St. Petersburg brings visitors closer to some of the tales mentioned in Reeser’s book. Some of the haunted places in the city that one may encounter during the tour include:

Jannus Landing Courtyard – Known as a popular outdoor concert venue, the Jannus Landing Courtyard is thought haunted by a phantom that supposedly dates back to the 1980s. Interestingly, on one of the ghost tours, a family approached the group and mentioned that they believed the ghost haunting the courtyard was their son.

1888 Detroit Hotel – You’d think that a hotel named Detroit would be found in Michigan, but this particular establishment is right in St. Petersburg. The tale associated with this old hotel starts with the discovery of an unidentified portrait that the owners found in the attic. Some think that the photo is of a former mayor of the city. Just like the movies, there are claims that the eyes in the portrait follows people around. The tour guides mention that the portrait is quite fond of the ladies.

The Renaissance Vinoy Hotel & Golf Club – The hauntings at the hotel had been felt by others, but it wasn’t until a visiting baseball player named Scott Williamson told news reporters in 2003 that he felt a ghost on the fifth floor of the hotel. It is believed that the tower on the fifth floor plays a role in the paranormal activity and that the site is the haunting grounds of a ‘lady in white.’

Keep reading

equinoxparanormal: 10 Haunted Places in Flori…

equinoxparanormal:

10 Haunted Places in Florida Perfect for a Paranormal
First Date

When most people think about the components needed for
the perfect first date, a fancy meal and candlelight often come to
mind. But what about those nontraditional folk out there? What if
your crush’s idea of a good time is watching The Exorcist for the 1000th
time? These Florida paranormal hotspots are ideal locations for a first
date with someone who enjoys being a touch unorthodox. 

10)
Long Farms Warehouse – Apopka, FL

9)
Abandoned Fletcher House – Melbourne, FL

8)
Boarded-up Auto Repair Shop – Panama City, FL

7)
Mysterious Unknown Structure – Gainesville, FL

6)
Tall Old Abandoned Hotel – Tampa, FL

5)
Hawthorne Nursery – Ocoee, FL

4)
Abandoned Flagler Railroad Bridge – West Summerland Key, FL

3)
Belleview Biltmore Hotel – Belleair, FL

2)
The Saltzman House – Crescent City, FL

1)
Honky Ranch – Brooksville, FL

*)
More Haunted Places in Florida

hauntspots: Great video by the Super Carlin B…

hauntspots:

Great video by the Super Carlin Brother’s.
They talk a little about haunted things, but it was neat to hear the history of such a famed Disney ride.